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About Taiwan

About Taiwan
Taiwan's total land area is about 36,000 square kilometers (14,400 square miles); it is shaped like a tobacco leaf that is narrow at both ends. It lies off the southeastern coast of mainland Asia, across the Taiwan Strait from Mainland China-- a solitary island on the western edge of the Pacific Ocean. To the north lies Japan and Okinawa, to the south is the Philippines. Many airlines fly to Taiwan, helping make it the perfect travel destination.
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Population: Approximately 23 million

Languages spoken: Mandarin/Taiwanese/Hakka/aboriginal tribal languages 

Religion: Buddhism/Taoism/Christian/Islam/Catholicism 

Time zone: Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours 

Volt/Amp: 110 Volt; 60 Hertz 

Currency: New Taiwan Dollar (NTD). Taiwan has coins of NT$ 50, 20, 10, 5 and 1, and paper bills of NT$ 2000, 1000, 500, 200 and 100. 


Climate: 
Generally speaking, Taiwan enjoys warm weather all year round. The largest fluctuations in weather conditions are during spring and winter, while during summer and autumn the weather is relatively stable. Taiwan is extremely suitable for traveling, as the annual average temperature is a comfortable 22 degrees Celsius with lowest temperatures ranging from 12 to 17 degrees Celsius (54-63 Fahrenheit). Therefore, with the exception of a few mountainous areas where some traces of snow can be found during winter, no snow can be seen throughout Taiwan. When summer is about to dismiss spring (March to May), continuously drizzling rain will sometimes fall on Taiwan. When visiting Taiwan during this period, remember to carry an umbrella at all times; because although it might seem romantic to have a stroll in the rain, it is no fun to travel when you're soaking wet. During the summer (June to August) typhoons sometimes reach the island. During this period we suggest you keep an eye on weather reports, because during typhoon weather the roaring waves at the coast are not to be regarded as one of Taiwan's tourist scenes. During autumn (September to October) you can wholeheartedly enjoy the cool and soothing weather, while Taiwan's relatively warm and short winter (November to February) is the time for you to admire the beautifully colored maple trees. The cold fronts that reach Taiwan sporadically are greatly favored by the island's hot spring lovers. In short, Taiwan, where it always seems to be spring, is your perfect travel destination! Taipei is located in Taipei Basin. Its subtropical climate features high humidity. In recent years, it has become more difficult to predict the weather. The temperature can range from 25 degrees Celsius (77 degrees Fahrenheit) in the daytime to 15 (59 degrees Fahrenheit) at nighttime. It is scorching in Kaohsiung in summer, with showers in the afternoons. The temperature disparity in winter is large: cold in early morning, yet hot by noontime. Therefore, both warm and cool clothing are needed. 
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Transportation facilities: 

Taiwan has a convenient transportation network. In addition to a complete infrastructure of land transportation, navigation and aviation, the government has undertaken construction projects for developing rapid transit systems and a high-speed rail system. The mass rapid transit system will greatly facilitate traffic in the main metropolitan areas in Taiwan. In regard to the high-speed railroad system, which was completed in 2006, it will greatly shorten the time spent on traveling between Taiwan and Kaohsiung. 

1. Buses: the public bus network covers the whole of Taipei. The latest run starts at 11:30 PM. The standard fare is NT$ 15. If you travel through 2 or more sections, the fare will be NT$ 30. 

2. Taxis: the fare starts from NT$ 70, and increases in accordance with the distance traveled. 

3. Taipei Mass Rapid Transit System (Taipei MRT): the fare ranges between NT$ 20 to NT$100, which varies in accordance with the distance traveled. There are shuttle buses at most stations. Most passengers use Easy Cards (one type for average adults; the other type for students and military personnel). 

Easy Card discounts on transference:
 MRT→Bus: NT$ 8 off for average adults; NT$ 6 off for students and military personnel. 
Bus→MRT: NT$ 8 off for average adults; NT$ 6 off for students and military personnel. 

(For more information, please visit: http://www.tbroc.gov.tw 
Source: Tourism Bureau, Ministry of Transportation and Communications, R.O.C.)
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